Why You Can't Get Justice in Federal Court and What To Do About It
Litigation Tool #08.001/Form #06.012

What Happened to Justice?

268 pages;11 chapters

PDF Click here for a sample

History of changes

The book What Happened to Justice: Why You Can't Get Justice in Federal Court and What to Do About It exhaustively analyzes all the historical enactments of Congress from the Statutes at Large and the U.S. Code since the beginning of America to convincingly prove with evidence the following:

  1. That there is no justice in federal courts today.

  2. How Congress never created and never intended to create Article III Courts.

  3. How all of the existing federal district courts are territorial legislative courts created under the authority of Article IV of the United States Constitution.

  4. Why Article IV courts are authorized ONLY to dispense, protect, and administer federal property, franchises, benefits, and contracts and are part of the Legislative, rather than Judicial, branch of the government.

  5. Why we only have TWO, and not THREE branches of government, as the Founding Fathers envisioned, and how this critical omission deprives people in states of the Union of the protections of their God-given rights provided by the PDF separation of powers doctrine.

  6. That most judges sitting on the federal bench today are de facto judges not legally qualified to serve and who may be lawfully impeached and prosecuted for a high misdemeanor, and that the laws designed to prevent them from serving have been carefully hidden and omitted from the U.S. Code but not repealed in an effort to protect their unlawful activities and contribute to a breakdown of the PDF separation of powers.

  7. That most jurors selected to serve in federal district courts are not qualified to serve and may be disqualified if properly challenged for cause.

The book ends with the following two chapters that help you restore justice to federal courts:

  • Chapter 6: Putting Federal Judges Back Inside the Box.  Shows you how to put corrupted judges back inside their box so they can't deny you justice any longer.
  • Chapter 10: Forms.  Contains forms you can use to expose and oppose the deception and corruption of the de facto administrative system both as a concerned citizen, a jurist, and a litigant.

The most important information in this book is the techniques provided in chapter 6 for:

  1. Essentially destroying any possibility of enforcing federal criminal law against a party who is not domiciled in the federal zone by showing that the judge cannot assemble a lawful jury without violating the Constitution and the laws which implement it from the U.S. Code and the Statutes at Large.
  2. Having unlawful de facto judges impeached.
  3. Suing judges personally and on behalf of the United States who do not reside in the district for up to THREE TIMES  their pay over the period they served as de facto judges and recovering up to one fourth of that amount personally.  Note that this does NOT work for federal judges of the District of Columbia but works for other District and Circuit Court judges.
  4. Challenging for cause and dismissing jurors who do not reside on federal territory within the district.

There are TWO versions of this item:  1.  Downloadable Electronic Book; 2.  CD-ROM which adds the Evidence books and many additional resources.  The CD version is browsable on either a MAC or a PC using your web browser, but the Autostart feature only works on a PC.  Below is a comparative summary of the two versions of this item:

Attribute Book
What Happened to Justice?  Book (268 pages)
Evidence Book, Volume 1 (842 pages)
  • Exhibit 1:  Federal Judicial Acts (from Statutes at Large)
  • Exhibit 2:  Creating the Federal Judiciary
  • Exhibit 3:  Judicial Code of 1940
  • Exhibit 4:  U.S. Government Manual
  • Exhibit 5:  William O Douglas Book excerpt: Go East Young Man
  • Exhibit 6:  Title 28, Year 2000

(NOTE:  The above consist of electronically searchable scanned images)

Evidence Book, Volume 2 (1,164 pages)
  • Exhibit 7:  List of Judicial Acts, 1789-1845
  • Exhibit 8:  List of Acts Relating to Public Lands
  • Exhibit 9:  Compendium of All Judicial Acts, 1789-1845

(NOTE:  The above exhibits consist of electronically searchable scanned images)

Evidence Book, Volume 3 (521 pages)
  • Exhibit 10:  A Study in the Federal Judicial System, Harvard law
                      Review, 1925
  • Exhibit 11:  40 U.S.C.A. 3112
  • Exhibit 12:  United States ex. re. Laughlin v. Eicher, 56 F.Supp.
                      972 (1944)
  • Exhibit 13:  57 Stat. 608-609, R.S. 3490: False Claims Act
  • Exhibit 14:  31 U.S.C.A. 3729: False Claims Act
  • Exhibit 15:  70 Stat. 531, July 14, 1956
  • Exhibit 16:  Mookini v. U.S., 303 U.S. 201 (1938)
  • Exhibit 17:  Federal Judge Oaths
  • Exhibit 18:  International Longshoremen v. Juneau Spruce, 342
                      U.S. 237 (1954)

(NOTE:  The above exhibits consist of electronically searchable scanned images)

Constitution Annotated (2,711 pages)  
Exhibit Index
  (breaks out each individual exhibit so you can look at it individually)
Case Listing
  (important U.S. Supreme Court cases relating to federal jurisdiction)
Benchbook for U.S. District Court Judges Book (254 pages)  
Chambers Handbook for Judges' Law Clerks and Secretaries (198 pages)  
Recusal: Analysis of Case Law Under 28 U.S.C. 455 and 144 (91 pages)  
Additional Reference Links  
Number of books 1 8
Total pages of text 268 5,941
Total size (Mbytes) 1 428
Total number of files 1 214

If you would like to preview the above two items and hear testimonials, below are three links:

  • PDF Book Only-preface of book and first chapter
  • PDF CD-capture of opening browser screen after you pop this disk into your drive.
  • Testimonial-from a CPA with 40 years experience

The book is made available in Adobe Acrobat 5.0 or later format.  It is electronically searchable, and you can navigate to any section using the bookmarks organized as a table of contents on the left of the screen.  If you want a printed copy, simply download it and then follow the instructions on the front cover which describe how to make a printed copy at any Kinkos or other duplicating store.

What Happened to Justice BOOK

(Last Updated 13AUG08,
Ver. 1.12; 7.5 Mbytes, 268 pages)

What Happened to Justice CD

(Last Updated 4AUG07
Ver. 1.11)

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Click here for a detailed history of changes since the first release of this document

NOTE:  You will need a decompression utility on your computer to unpack and view this document.  Decompression utilities are built in to all versions of Windows from XP on, so this shouldn't be a problem.  You will also need to download and install the free Adobe Acrobat Reader version 7.0 or higher from the Adobe website at http://www.adobe.com in order to view or print the document.   If you don't update to the very latest Acrobat reader, then you may get errors opening or reading the document.  We recommend that you also show the "Bookmarks Pane" in the left portion of your screen in order to simplify navigating around in this document using the table of contents. 

Below is a complete outline of the content of this very important work.



Revision History

Table of Contents

List of Tables

Table of Authorities




Other Authorities



1.1  Purpose

1.2  Principles of Legislation

1.3  Government Lies

1.4  Federal law is law for "public officers" and employees, NOT private individuals

1.5  Why Doesn't Government Provide Evidence Defining the Extent of Federal Territorial Jurisdiction?

1.6  What Impact Have Federal Article IV Courts Had on State Courts

1.7  The United States Revisited

1.8  Where is the Proof of Article III Courts?

1.9  American History in Hindsight: A Summary of What Happened to Justice


2.1   What is a "territory"?

2.2   Why states of the Union are "Foreign Countries" and "foreign states" with respect to most
        federal jurisdiction

2.3   Separation of Powers

2.4   Territorial jurisdiction of the United States district courts in the 50 states Explained
        using the authority of Chapter 5 of Title 28 U.S.C.

2.5   Types of Courts
2.6   Article I Legislative and Article IV Territorial Courts:  "United States District Courts"

2.7   Comparison: Administrative v. Judicial Courts

2.8   Article III Courts specifically Identified in the Law
2.9   Federal Jurisdiction

2.10 Exclusive Federal Jurisdiction

2.11 Comity

2.12 Federalism

2.13 Sovereign Immunity

2.14 How statutory franchises and "public rights" affect choice of law

2.15 Extraterritorial jurisdiction: Government contracts and franchise

2.16 Why you shouldn't cite federal statutes as authority for protecting your rights

2.17 We Have a Government of Men, Not of Law

2.18 What powers may Congress lawfully delegate to Legislative Courts?


3.1  Thomas Jefferson's Predictions on the Corruption of the Federal Judiciary

3.2  What is Administrative Law?

3.3  Seeds of the Corruption Appeared at the Foundation of Our Republic

3.4  How the Judge Oath Alone Proves that We Have No Article III Judges

3.5  Present District Court Judges do Not Meet Most Criteria Described in Article III

3.6  Evidence that Federal District Courts are not Article III Courts, but Article IV Courts

3.7 Evidence that the Present Federal Judiciary is in the LEGISLATIVE, and not JUDICIAL, Branch of the

3.7.1  No statutory requirement for lifetime tenure of Justices

3.7.2  Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution v. 28 U.S.C. 1332

3.7.3  Judge oaths and the SF-61 Affidavit of Appointment

3.7.4  Supreme Court "Opinions"

3.7.5  Supreme Court Website

3.7.6  Federal Courts Admit they have no authority Direct from the Constitution

3.8  Evidence of Corruption Introduced by Congress into the Federal Judiciary

3.8.1  1 Stat. 72: Judge Compensation Act

3.8.2  1920: Evans v. Gore

3.8.3  1939: O'Malley v. Woodrough, 307 U.S. 277 declares new federal judges "taxpayers"

3.8.4  1948: Judicial Code of 1948 and subsequent protects and encourages unlawful "de facto" judges


4.1  General Evolution

4.2 Specific Events

4.2.1  1789:  Judiciary Act of 1789

4.2.2  1911:  Judicial Code of 1911

4.2.3  1922:  The Fat Man Sings: Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298

4.2.4  1948:  Title 28 Enacted into Positive law


5.1  Introduction

5.2  Why neither the government nor legal profession will tell you th truth on this matter

5.3  Government lies

5.3.1 DECEPTION #1:  U.S. Government Manuals

5.3.2 DECEPTION #2:  Roster of Article III Judges Published by Administrative Office of the Federal Courts

5.3.3 DECEPTION #3:  "Justice"="Judge"

5.3.4 DECEPTION #4:  We Have Only One U.S. Supreme Court

5.4  Legal Profession Lies

5.4.1 DECEPTION #5:  Larry Becraft's Website

5.4.2 DECEPTION #6:  Legal Publications saying "United States District Courts" are Article III Courts

5.4.3 DECEPTION #7:  All Federal District Court Judges are Article III Judges

5.4.4 DECEPTION #8:  Because a judge is appointed for life, then he must be an Article III Judge

5.4.5 DECEPTION #9:  Persons domiciled in a State of the Union can be jurors in federal Court


6.1  Introduction

6.2  General Guidance

6.3  Requirements of "due process of law" during litigation

6.4  How to determine if a particular piece of land is federal territory

6.5  How to Prove that Your Judge is an Article IV Judge

6.6  Trial by Jury

6.7   Recusing Jurors in a Trial

6.5.1  Challenges for Cause

6.5.2  Challenges to the Array

6.8   Filing Civil Complaints against judges

6.9   Filing Criminal Complaints against judges

6.10  Impeaching federal judges

6.11  Disqualifying a judge: De Facto Judges

6.12  Suing a judge for not residing in the district for half his pay:  Open Season! 

6.13  Recusing a judge for prejudice

6.14  Judicial Ethics Resources

6.14.1  Code of Conduct for U.S. Judges

6.14.2  ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct

6.14.3  28 U.S.C. 144 and 455

6.15  Challenging Federal Jurisdiction in Federal Court

6.16  Finding out about federal courts and judges

6.17  Tax Injunctions are authorized in Article IV courts!





10.1   FORM 1:   FOIA Request for Judge Oath and Credentials

10.2   FORM 2:   Motion to Inspect Jury Lists

10.3   FORM 3:   Civil Complaint Against Federal Judge

10.4   FORM 4:   Criminal Complaint Against Federal Judge

10.5   FORM 5:   Letter to Clerk of the United States District Court

10.6   FORM 6:   Letter to Foreman of the Grand Jury

10.7   FORM 7:   Letter to Congressman

10.8   FORM 8:   Letter to United States Senator

10.9   FORM 9:   Letter to United States Attorney

10.10 FORM 10:  Motion to Quash Jury Panel

10.11 FORM 11:  FOIA for Judge Residence Information

10.12 FORM 12:  FOIA to Public Records Section of City for Federal Territory Within City

10.13 FORM 13:  Court Petition to Dismiss Based on No Article III Jurisdiction

10.14 FORM 14:  Response to Motion for Sanctions in Connection with Frivolous Contentions of Law


11.1  Choice of Law

11.1.1  Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(b)

11.1.2  Rules of Decision Act, 18 U.S.C. 1652

11.2  Supremacy of the Constitution as Law for Government

11.3  Legislative Jurisdiction

11.4  Due Process

11.5  Challenging Federal Jurisdiction

11.6  Void judgments

11.7  Constitutional Questions

11.8  Article III Courts

11.9  No man may be a judge in his own case

WARNING:  The contents of this book is subject to the terms of our Disclaimer.  Please read and heed.

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